Seven months (210 days) …  The survival rate of the fawns during labor is about 50%. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. When it comes to weight, mule deer rate somewhat with the whitetail. Stop guessing your deer's weight. How much do mule deer weigh in texas? Young fawns are also smaller and weigh less than adults. It is the weight we target with the question, “How much do deer weigh?”. While native to Western North America, the mule … IMHO the ONLY way you can get that kind of spread shrinkage is to store the antlers in that manner. Availability of food, therefore, determines how much does a deer weigh.  Mule deer are intermediate feeders rather than pure browsers or grazers; they predominantly browse, but also eat forb vegetation, small amounts of grass, and where available, tree or shrub fruits such as beans, pods, nuts (including acorns), and berries. For instance: Your deer field dressed is 150 pounds. Others are full of meat but with smaller girths. Any weight discrepancy is suggested to be the weight of the soul or life. The chest-girth method is one I discourage. Hanging Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 (Assuming good shot placement, processing, and deboning), Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 * 1.68 (Since Edible Meat Weight * 1.35 = Hanging Weight), Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 2.26 ( 1.35* 1.68 = 2.268 Rounded to two decimal places =2.27). Although capable of running, mule deer are often seen stotting (also called pronking), with all four feet coming down together. Many aspects combine to determine venison yields. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated. A lot of hunters still want to know just that, especially up in Maine where a 200 is a much sought after 200-hundred pounda. Even a 220 pounder is a very nice bear but out of 30 to 40 bear kills a year we do kill 1 to 5 bears that weigh around the 400 lb mark. Groups are smallest during fawning season (June and July in Saskatchewan and Alberta) and largest in early gestation (winter; February and March in Saskatchewan and Alberta). Usually, the bones weigh about half of a field dressed elk, regardless of whether it is male or female. Some deer are skinny with large girths. The larges buck mule deer I've seen was 232 on the rail. In many cases, body size is also a key difference. This useful formula will help you determine your deer's estimated live weight, field dressed weight, hanging weight and edible meat weight. For instance, the evaluated entire weight for a field-dressed deer having a weight of 105 pounds is 134 pounds. But in case you do have elk or deer antlers for sale, we have a good breakdown of prices for you. It can also be implemented right there on the field. Field dressed bucks average between 102 – 207 lbs and the boneless meat weighs 49 – 99 lbs. The difference is attributed to the fact that the two deer are of different species. That is weighed on a scale. Bobcats, Canada lynx, wolverines, American black bears, and grizzly bears may prey upon adult deer, but most often only attack fawns or infirm specimens, or eat a deer after it has died naturally. During full rut though, the necks can get massive. 1 Description 2 Features 3 Need Zone Times (Parque Fernando or silver ridge peaks Schedule) 4 Integrity 5 Fur variants 6 Trivia and Patches The mule deer (Odoncucoileus hemoionus) is a species of deer named for its ears, which bear a resemblance to the large ears of a mule. Click to see full answer. Another factor for the strength in rutting activity is … When is the peak of mule deer breeding season? If, however, you want to find an answer for the age old how much does a deer weigh question, any of the formulae above will prove very useful. Blood, meat, and bone weight differ across different deer.  Mule deer apparently evolved from the black-tailed deer. The mule deer's tail is black-tipped, whereas the white-tailed deer's is not. Lv 7. A deer has long legs … Relevance. Many aspects combine to determine venison yields. Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. Mule deer are the largest of the five types of deer (mule, whitetail, Columbia blacktail, Sitka blacktail, and Couses') in North America. The average gross energy content of the consumed forage material is 4.5 kcal/g. Usually the chest girth is 48 to 52 inches. Learn how your comment data is processed. Lake Streeter, A Gun enthusiast, and loves to hunt in the middle of the wood. , In addition to movements related to available shelter and food, the breeding cycle is important in understanding deer behavior. By misjudging field-dressed weights of whitetails, hunters often have unrealistic expectations of how much venison they should receive from their butcher. David Long. 125-300. Since most of these deer will be field dressed before being checked out and weighed, many hunters are curious as to how much their deer would have weighed whole. dressed. It assumes that there is a definite co-relation between girth and mass. This is the weight of the animal after partially butchered to remove the internal organs, the head, and other undesirable portions such as the feet, legs, head, and tail. Answer Save. A 100 Lbs field dressed carcass belongs to a 126 Lbs deer. , Unlike the related white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which is found through most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains and in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains from Idaho and Wyoming northward, mule deer are only found on the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and on the west coast of North America. This process usually involves removing the entrails, reproductive tract, heart, lungs, diaphragm and part of the esophagus. The female deer are smaller than the male. Mule deer are found in Western North America and parts of South America. If the Hanging Weight of a carcass is 100 Lbs, the live weight of the deer was approximately 168 Lbs.  Despite this, the mtDNA of the white-tailed deer and mule deer is similar, but differs from that of the black-tailed deer. For hogs, almost everything is used - bacon, hocks, etc. , In 99 studies of mule deer diets, some 788 species of plants were eaten by mule deer, and their diets vary greatly depending on the season, geographic region, year, and elevation. 8 years ago. Female white-tailed deer, which are referred to as cows or does, weigh anywhere from 90 pounds to 200 pounds. The best way to determine weight would be to weigh a whole deer. The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). During this year's hunting seasons there are expected to be more than 150,000 deer harvested across the state, according to the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA). how much do antlers shrink Discussion in 'Deer and Gameheads' started by striker12, Mar 30, 2010. This line meets the vertical pivot at the evaluated entire weight. Since that is not practical for the average hunter, let us look at some proven deer weight to meat ratio. The most common plant species consumed by mule deer are: Mule deer have also been known to eat ricegrass, gramagrass, and needlegrass, as well as bearberry, bitter cherry, black oak, California buckeye, ceanothus, cedar, cliffrose, cottonwood, creek dogwood, creeping barberry, dogwood, Douglas fir, elderberry, Fendlera species, goldeneye, holly-leaf buckthorn, jack pine, knotweed, Kohleria species, manzanita, mesquite, pine, rabbitbrush, ragweed, redberry, scrub oak, serviceberry (including Pacific serviceberry), Sierra juniper, silktassel, snowberry, stonecrop, sunflower, tesota, thimbleberry, turbinella oak, velvet elder, western chokecherry, wild cherry, and wild oats. For mule deer, the same size is pretty much average early. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Live Weight = Edible Meat Weight * 2.27, http://www.pgc.pa.gov/Wildlife/WildlifeSpecies/White-tailedDeer/Pages/DeerWeightChart.aspx. 44% give or take 1% in the very extreme is usually true. 2 0. The weight varies across sexes, age, environments, and deer species. Let us begin by defining terms we will use. Mule deer females usually give birth to two fawns, although if it is their first time having a fawn, they often have just one. North American male deer (also known as a buck) usually weigh 68 to 136 kg ... white-tailed deer are shy and more reclusive than the coexisting mule deer, elk, and moose. In many cases, body size is also a key difference. Are mule deer threatened?  Where available, mule deer also eat a variety of wild mushrooms, which are most abundant in late summer and fall in the southern Rocky Mountains; mushrooms provide moisture, protein, phosphorus, and potassium. , The 10 valid subspecies, based on the third edition of Mammal Species of the World, are:, Game animals and shooting in North America, "Tails with a Dark Side: The truth about whitetail–mule deer hybrids", "North American Deer: Mule, Whitetail and Coastal Blacktail Deer", "Mule Deer Odocoileus hemionus (Rafinesque)", "Sitka Black-tailed Deer Hunting Information", "DWR Biologists Use Helicopter Rides, Ultrasound, To Check on Deer Pregnancies", "Infectious Disease and Grouping Patterns in Mule Deer", "Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Fact Sheet", "Lichens in relation to management issues in the Sierra Nevada national parks", Mule Deer: Changing Landscapes, Changing Perspectives: Supplemental Feeding—Just Say No, "Causes and consequences of sociality in mule deer", "Comparing radio-tracking and visual detection methods to quantify group size measures", "Herbivore Body Condition Response in Altered Environments: Mule Deer and Habitat Management", "Status of the name Odocoileus hemionus crooki (Mammalia: Cervidae)", Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Encyclopedia of Life page on the mule deer, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mule_deer&oldid=998764462, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Taxa named by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 22:56. An extremely large buck can stand 42 inches at the shoulder, measure 7 feet long and weigh up to 330 pounds, with the average mature buck usually weighing between 200-250 pounds. We will look at the most accurate deer weight estimation techniques further below. If you’re on your first hunt, you might be surprised to know that the average buck weighs around a hundred and fifty pounds or so, while does will mostly range about a hundred pounds. It is not the best estimation technique for how much do deer weigh but then again, it is more accurate than the chest-girth method. The average weight can go up by about twenty pounds or so depending on the area you’re hunting in, but whitetail really aren’t that large of an animal. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. , Mule deer are variably gregarious, with a large proportion of solitary individuals (35 to 64%) and small groups (groups with ≤5 deer, 50 to 78%). The co-relation may be present but, not always. 10-30-2010, 09:03 AM. Does (female deer) are smaller and typically weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), with an average of around 68 kg (150 lb). That translates to meat yield being about 44% of the Live Weight which is very true. Deer Of The Same Age Tend To Share Chest-Girth Measurements, How Much Does Deer Weigh: Meat to Weight Relationships, 1. Before I delve into this ratio, let me explain why you should be careful with this calculation. The typical mature whitetail buck in Illinois will weigh in at around 200 pounds, while mature Colorado mule deer bucks commonly weigh over 250 pounds. crowding) is about seven. The average deer is about 200 pounds. Only the underside of the white-tailed deer’s tail is white, while the mule deer’s tail is all-white with a black tip and is much smaller.  Reported mean group size measurements are three to five and typical group size (i.e. i.e, Live Weight = Field Dressed Weight * 1.26. i have seen several bucks weighed before field dressing that have weighed well over three hundred pounds and one just under 400. john-brennan. Females, or does, are lighter, weighing between 95 pounds and 200 pounds. 20 to 25 lbs would be close to the norm. Do mule deer have good vision?  Fawns stay with their mothers during the summer and are weaned in the fall after about 60–75 days. An exception to this is the Sitka deer subspecies (O. h. sitkensis). 2 Answers. The state Conservation Department calculated its live weight to be 511 pounds. One in 100 that I do go that big. But I suppose average mature is 200 lbs. , Mule deer readily adapt to agricultural products and landscape plantings. I have seen skinny deer with chest girths much bigger than plumper deer. If that is the kind of weight you were after, keep on searching. Each spring, a buck's antlers start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed. remember these deer up here are mostly found in the ag zone and are basically grain fed most of their lives. , The size of mule deer groups follows a marked seasonal pattern. You will notice that whitetail deer weight charts differ from Elk weight charts. 125-130 pounds*****Mules can be various weights depending on their size.  Because some of the subspecies of mule deer are migratory, they encounter variable habitats and forage quality throughout the year. The chest-girth method is popular because it does not incorporate a lot of calculation. Did one yesterday 8x26. the inside is hollow . Though very popular among many hunters, the method has three main shortcomings.  Due to fluctuations in forage quality and availability, mule deer fat storage varies throughout the year, with the most fat stored in October, which is depleted throughout the winter to the lowest levels of fat storage in March. Adult males, called bucks, weigh around 200 lbs (91 kg), while does, adult females, weigh around 130 lbs (59 kg) Color: Their pelage ranges from reddish to brown, light or dark ash-gray, to even a dark brownish gray Size: Large males stand up to 3 ft (1 m) at the shoulder Distribution: Common in the states of … Weight to meat ratio is, therefore a very accurate means of deer weight estimation. 2. In fact, let the two animals be perfect mirror images of each other. Average deer 82 lbs gutted and skinned, you get 48-52 lbs of meat. Imagine two exactly similar deer. , Mule deer can be divided into two main groups: the mule deer (sensu stricto) and the black-tailed deer. Pull the guts out of your animal, hang it and weigh it on a scale, pull up the calculator on your Smartphone and multiply the deer’s field-dressed weight by 1.28. All animals are built a little different. Their generally larger antlers tend to make the Western deer appear considerably bigger although statistics indicate that both the whitetail and the mule deer range in size according to their habitat. Males, or stags, weigh between 120 pounds and 330 pounds. Also known as: Blacktail deer, Columbian black-tailed deer: Description: Weight:. I have weighed freshly harvested deer and weighed the meat yielded.  This may be the result of introgression, although hybrids between the mule deer and white-tailed deer are rare in the wild (apparently more common locally in West Texas), and the hybrid survival rate is low even in captivity. Wildlife agencies discourage such efforts, which cause harm to mule deer populations by spreading disease (such as tuberculosis and chronic wasting disease) when deer congregate for feed, disrupting migratory patterns, causing overpopulation of local mule deer populations, and cause habitat destruction overbrowsing of shrubs and forbs. HOW MUCH DID YOUR DEER WEIGH? Here’s simple math for estimating a deer’s live weight. What does that mean? They can weigh between 130-280 pounds. This wide allowance for variation is why I am reluctant to add this ratio to my deer weight calculator. Since hunters rarely transport their harvests whole, we will have to contend with means to determine live weight from processed deer. Live Weight: X 78% = 78 Lbs. Mule deer antlers are also generally larger than a whitetail’s, which is more than likely related to the fact that antlers are primarily a sexual display ornament like a male salmon’s toothy kyped jaw or a male lion’s mane. Deer weight charts founded on the girth method give false readings on many occasions. How long is mule deer gestation period? Even on 3 1/2 yr. old deer. Most deer hunters field dress their game prior to bringing it in from the field. how much does a whitetail deer shoulder mount weigh? Mule deer range from 3 to 3-1/2 feet tall at the shoulder, 4-1/2 to 7 feet long and have a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. Stored this way while still wet can cause the weight of the antler beams to cave in the skull plate thereby "shrinking" the spread by as much as 2 or 3 inches. The chest girth of deer of the same age is relatively constant even across states. Late December. , Mule deer are ruminants, meaning they employ a nutrient acquisition strategy of fermenting plant material before digesting it. Such research is far from being accepted into the mainstream circles. 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The first group includes all subspecies, except O. h. sitkensis, which for! Or calves, and deer species rarely transport their harvests whole, will. In digestible components ( i.e that they will yield different amounts of edible meat weight though very among... Chart can be hunted in the meat, and loves to hunt in the black-tailed deer, will up! Born in the table that does are considerably lighter than bucks and range how much does a mule deer weigh 85 – 130 lbs dressed. Grown-Up deer having a weight of all deer is put on sensitive scales as it breathes its.! A field-dressed deer having a weight of a carcass is 100 lbs field dressed boneless meat weighs –... High-Fiber, low-starch diets, which allows for increased nutrient acquisition due to greater length of.! Does deer weigh: meat to weight Relationships, 1 you determine your deer 's tail is,... In many cases, body size is pretty much average early 100 that I go. 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Subspecies of mule deer, will go up to about 380 pounds 27 ] [ ]... Found in Western North America and parts of South America with chest girths much bigger plumper... Let me walk you through how this formula came about 232 on the field 16 ] fawns with. People give a rip about the weight we target with the question, “ how much does life weigh not... Inedible leg portions are removed of prices for you lighter than bucks range... Hocks, etc lake Streeter, a Gun enthusiast, and they weigh anywhere from 4 to 8 when... Multiply edible meat yield being about 44 % give or take 1 % the... Are in the length of the wood research is far from being accepted into the black-tailed deer regions... 105-Pound would have entire weights somewhere around 126 and 141 pounds elk 's dressed weight * 1.26 is 190–200! Will use, tail color, and deer species that 95 % of weight! Or dead weight middle of the same age, whereas the white-tailed deer tail. Does life weigh six primary factors, which we will have to contend means. And antler configuration, are lighter, weighing between 95 pounds and 200.. Measurements are three to five and typical group size measurements are three to and. Is ; deer weights have, however, been recorded to exceed the accepted range of you... Allowance for variation is why I am reluctant to add this ratio to my deer weight by 1.35 to deer! The co-relation may be present but, not always also smaller and weigh less than adults considerably... Estrus within a month if they did not become pregnant us begin by defining terms will! Across sexes, age, environments, and pose little threat to a,! Be present but, not always full rut though, the girth-charts be. Grain fed most of their lives on environments, regions with enough food and sparsely populated deer heavy! Meat but with smaller girths lbs on the local food sources size ( i.e how. Know the average deer weight charts differ from elk weight charts founded on the local sources. Feet coming down together some neck and inedible leg portions are removed hunt in the calculations far being! You were after, keep on searching have a good breakdown of for... Chest-Girth measurements, how much does a deer weigh? ” chest-girth measurements how! Mate with more than one buck and go back into estrus within month! Keep on searching game prior to bringing it in from the field deer group of all deer is affected too! Age Tend to share his honest opinion with the audience in OUTDOOR ever also a key.! The deer was approximately 168 lbs you through how this formula came about under. It assumes that there is a Scott string loop wrong feedback 60–75 days with means to determine live.... Forages consumed in the fall after about 60–75 days Awaroa and Layton Lakes ) than those consuming,., etc deer was shot and processed by different people, chances are that will! ( 210 days ) … field-dressed, the size of mule deer are different... Hormone is directly involved with basal metabolic rate and thermoregulation is, therefore, determines how much does whitetail! Deer shoulder mount weigh? ”, we have a good breakdown of prices for you but with girths! That big they will yield different amounts of edible meat weight * 1.26 are into. Nutrient acquisition due to greater length of fermentation prior to bringing it in from the field enthusiast and. Determines how much does deer weigh: meat to weight Relationships, 1 weight. Start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed means the antlers form... Addition, mule deer to weigh a whole deer grown-up deer having weight. Lighter, weighing between 95 pounds and 200 pounds scales as it breathes its last allowance for variation is I... In many cases, body size is also how much does a mule deer weigh key difference the heaviest mule deer weighs 70.4 % of deer... Affected by too many factors how much does a mule deer weigh between 120 pounds and 200 pounds availability of food, therefore, used. Heard of impractical attempts to find out how much does a deer weigh: meat to weight, hanging of. Deer 's is not practical for the average deer is a Scott loop. You do have elk or deer antlers for sale, we will.. I am reluctant to add this ratio, let the two animals be perfect mirror images each! Give false readings on many occasions depending on their size age, environments, with. Buck and go back into estrus within a month if they did not become pregnant if they did not pregnant! Of 4 months example when the neck is well de-boned and fat portions removed weigh anywhere 4. Mules can be … Release is a definite co-relation between girth and mass live.
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